Overall, the guidelines define a „trade association“ and define the necessary criteria. Under the Directives, a „trade association“ is generally a legal person which: Dutch Professional Association of Notaries to adapt information relating to the transfer of rights* The Dutch Consumer and Market Authority (ACM) has asked the Royal Netherlands Association of Civil Notaries (KNB) to inform about the disclosure of a fee for the „Notarial Quality Fund (in (…) The FCR Directive is devoted, in an entire section, to the debate on possible anti-competitive activities of members of professional associations or professional associations. Although the SCR Guideline does not specifically take into account the position of professional organisations, this does not mean that the second rule of conduct is irrelevant. The second rule of conduct may also apply where professional organisations provide services to their members, in particular where the professional organisation is the main or sole provider of those services and has a significant level of market power. Most of the activities of professional organisations are pro-competitive or competitively neutral. For example, a trade association can help define industry standards that protect the public or allow components from different manufacturers to work together. The association can also represent its members before legislators or government authorities and provide valuable information to inform government decisions. If such activities are carried out with appropriate security measures, they must not present a risk of anti-dominant position. The contested decision stated that the Spanish Association of Refrigerated Transport (ATFRIE, in its Spanish acronyms), an economic association of the main national undertakings involved in refrigerated transport, had met to determine prices in the refrigerated transport sector. The meetings (…) The Department of Justice today issued a letter to the National Pork Producers Council, the country`s leading pork producers` association, responding to its proposals to the National Pork Producers Council, the country`s leading pork producers` association, On 27 February 2020, the Paris Administrative Court of Appeal ruled that the measures taken by the Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CCI) to promote and market electronic signature certificates offered by the ChamberSign association did not constitute State aid. The dispute is interesting in so far as it (…) Undertakings should consider and use with caution relevant information on competitors published by professional organisations, including information on the current or future prices of a leading undertaking, upstream and downstream business costs and price changes.
In certain circumstances, this information can be identified as a trigger for a price monopoly agreement. For example, if a professional organization evaluates its products or services by chance according to the same trend after the publication of prices, such a coincidence would probably be identified as an agreement because of the fulfillment of all the elements of a concerted cartel. In concrete terms, members of the professional association benefit from the following advantages. The Guidelines apply to almost all pricing activities related to professional organisations, in particular: the Guidelines aim to assist trade organisations in carrying out pricing activities that promote the development of the sector, maintain fair competition and protect the interests of consumers. They clarify grey areas in pricing activities that have not been explicitly covered by the Price Act and the Antimonopoly Law. In addition, they will help professional organisations and their members assess the legitimacy of relevant behaviour in order to identify and prevent antitrust behaviour. . . .