Collective bargaining is underway to get the government`s education partners to enter into agreements that respect local conditions while remaining within the limits set by the legislation. The Putting Students First Act should ensure that school contracts are aligned with the government`s financial and policy priorities and aims to prevent work disruptions in 2013 and 2014. It was said that the legislation would save the province of Ontario $2 billion and prevent spending of $473 million, a reduction the government considered crucial. The Minister of Education has the power to refuse approval of collective agreements and the parties involved run the risk of imposing an agreement if a proposed agreement does not comply with the standards of the legislation. Many union leaders believe that Bill 115 poses a threat to some unionized workers, as well as democratic rights and values, because of its power to limit strikes and impose a collective agreement without negotiation.  Some union members are concerned that future legislation will further restrict teachers` bargaining options.  Protests have taken place in many parts of Ontario to draw Dalton McGuinty`s attention to this legislation and prevent it from being passed. On September 14, 2012, teachers protested in Ottawa, Ontario with placards outside Dalton McGuinty`s office. The rally was organized by the Secondary School Teachers` Association and had nearly 800 participants, including students who left classes to support their teachers.  The Elementary Teachers` Federation of Ontario has proposed that its members „pause“ post-school programs. Many teachers, both in primary and secondary schools, have withdrawn from the supervision of all post-school activities.  On December 15, 2012, high school students from York and Toronto region participated in a Walkout against Bill 115.
The students then travelled from their schools to Queen`s Park to protest the law. It was estimated that several hundred to a few thousand students participated throughout the city.  The Putting Students First Act (also known as Bill 115) (the Act) is legislation passed by the Ontario Legislature. The legislation allows the provincial government to establish rules that local school boards must abide by in negotiations with local unions and to impose a collective agreement on the board of directors, negotiator and board staff represented by the collective agreement delegate if negotiations are not completed by December 31, 2012. This bill also limits the legality of strikers from teachers` unions and auxiliaries. In April 2016, the law was declared unconstitutional. On April 20, 2016, the Supreme Court of Ontario ruled that „between the fall of 2011 and the passage of the Putting Students First Act, Ontario violated the complainants` right to meaningful collective bargaining under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.“ Justice Lederer said: „The review of the Charter and its rights clearly shows that the trial was fundamentally wrong. It has not been able to organize sound collective bargaining.
Ontario has developed a process on its own. It defined the parameters that would enable it to meet the budgetary constraints it set, and then implemented a program that limited the ability of other parties to participate significantly. Bill 115 received its first reading in the Ontario Legislature on August 28, 2012 and received Royal Approval on September 11, 2012. The bill was supported by the Ontario Liberal Party and the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario and rejected by NDP members. The result of the vote was 82-15 for the bill.  The act came into force immediately after the authorization and headteachers, teachers and facilitators participated in collective bargaining until December 31, 2012.